Many people believe that diabetes is a condition that elevates their blood sugar levels. But most of them don’t know the long-term effects this condition has on their body. When diabetes isn’t diagnosed and treated early on, it can wreak havoc on the important organs in your body.
Possible effects of diabetes include damage to macrovascular (large) and microvascular (small) blood vessels that may result in stroke, kidney problems, heart attack, eye issues, and affect the feet and nerves of the patient over time. Here are some of the complications of diabetes.
Diabetes is a condition that affects the body’s ability to produce or use insulin – a hormone that converts glucose to energy in your body. Your body breaks down sugars from the food you intake and use them for energy in your cells. The pancreas produces a hormone known as insulin for this purpose. In fact, insulin would convert the sugar in your blood to energy for the use of your body cells.
When you have diabetes, the pancreas will produce too little insulin or none at all. When you have the condition, your blood glucose levels will rise while most of the cells are deprived of energy to function properly. The condition can lead to many complications affecting almost every body organ and system. That is why diabetes should be immediately diagnosed and treated to prevent such complications.
When your body produces too little or no insulin at all, alternate hormones will be used to convert fat into energy. This will increase the levels of toxic chemicals in your body. More ketones and acids are produced in the body – which is known as diabetic ketoacidosis.
Extreme thirst, fatigue, and excessive urination are some of the common symptoms of this condition. It is considered a serious complication of the disease. The elevated levels of ketones in your body may cause your breath to have a sweet scent. When untreated for long periods of time, this condition can result in loss of consciousness or even death.
Diabetes can damage your kidneys and affect their ability to filter the waste products from the blood. Elevated amounts of proteins or microalbuminuria in your urine are signs that your kidneys are not functioning properly.
Diabetes will raise your risk of developing high blood pressure over time. High blood glucose levels can contribute to the formation of fatty deposits in your blood vessels. Digestive and kidney problems associated with diabetes will almost double your risk of heart attack and stroke. That is why you need to take immediate steps to diagnose and treat the condition.
The good news is that most of the complications associated with diabetes can be reduced or prevented by keeping your blood sugar levels, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels within the recommended ranges. You need to eat healthy, maintain an ideal weight, exercise, and reduce your alcohol intake for this purpose.
The condition can be easily controlled with the right type of diet and exercise plan. It will help reduce the effects of diabetes over time.